Brazier and fire pit use

Following a recent trial, fire pits and braziers will continue to be allowed in residential areas from 1 September 2020, provided the smoke does not impact neighbours and provided the fire does not present a safety risk to people or property.

The safe, residential use of brazier and fire pits for heating will continue while Council’s Health, Safety and Amenity Local Law 2009 is amended. This means that Council will continue to allow the use of above-ground braziers and fire pits in residential areas.

Council has resolved to make the new Health, Safety and Amenity Local Law 2021 (the local law) on 30 November 2021. The local law commences on 1 February 2022. Check out the Register of Local Laws and Notices for further information.

Find out more about the proposed Health, Safety and Amenity Local Law for the residential use of fire pits and braziers. 


  • use clean, dry wood, gas, ethanol or charcoal
  • contain the fire in the fire pit or brazier above the ground
  • keep the fire at least 2.5 metres away from any flammable material, including property, vegetation and other structures
  • supervise children
  • fully extinguish the fire with water.


  • let smoke impact neighbours
  • burn garden vegetation, damp wood, toxic material or waste
  • have a fire on the ground or in used drums
  • use a fire pit or brazier during fire bans
  • leave a fire burning overnight.


If a residential fire is causing a smoke, ash, or fume issue, view our Smoke, ash and fumes complaints page for information, including how to lodge a complaint.

What does a safe fire pit or brazier look like?

Safe fire pit and brazier examples

Fire contained in an above-ground fire pit with sufficient air flow to reduce smoke.

Brazier raised above the ground with sufficient air flow to reduce smoke.

Unsafe and illegal residential fire pits and braziers

This below ground fire pit is not compliant and is unsafe.

This fire in a metal drum is not compliant and unsafe.

Read more tips about minimising smoke from backyard burning.

Read the full fire pit and brazier guidelines.

For more information or to provide feedback, phone Council on 07 3403 8888.

Fire bans

To find out if there is a fire ban in your area and how this may impact you, visit the Queensland Fire and Emergency Services website.

Kidsafe Queensland video

Watch Kidsafe Queensland’s video about backyard brazier and fire pit safety.

You can also access a plain-text transcription of this video.

Brazier and fire pit guidelines

Council allows the use of above ground braziers and fire pits, provided:

  • the brazier or fire pit is not causing a smoke impact on neighbours and the residents of other nearby premises
  • the fire is contained in a brazier or fire pit which is constructed so as to prevent the escape of fire or any burning material contained within
  • the fire is not on the ground or in a used drum
  • the fire pit or brazier is of a design that allows the flow of air into the fire from below and the sides of the fire to enable oxygenation and minimise the production of smoke
  • the fire is at least 2.5 metres away from:
    •   other flammable and combustible materials (organic and inorganic) on the property and upon adjacent properties, including vegetation
    • every property boundary and the outermost projection of any nearby buildings or structures
  • the fire is not under a roof or other covering
  • the fire is not on a balcony
  • the fire is made using only clean, dry, properly seasoned wood, charcoal, ethanol or smokeless fuel such as gas
  • painted or treated wood, plastics or any other rubbish must not be burnt as these emit hazardous chemicals
  • no burning vegetation from the garden, damp wood, toxic material or waste. It is illegal to take wood from a park, natural area or waterway
  • a responsible person over the age of 18 is in attendance at the fire at all times and until the time that the fire is completely extinguished
  • the fire is never left unattended and children are actively supervised when around the fire
  • only one brazier or fire pit is used on a property at any one time
  • the fire is put out with water. Do not cover with sand or dirt or let the fire burn out overnight
  • the fire has not been lit during a total fire ban issued by the QFES or in contravention of any other fire restriction issued by the QFES
  • the fire must have minimal flame height
  • does not breach the Environmental Protection Act 1994 by causing an environment nuisance, and
  • a reasonable and prudent person would not otherwise consider that the fire is causing unacceptable risk of harm to a person(s), or risk of damage to property or protected vegetation.

A brazier is a portable heater, designed to hold hot coals, generally taking the form of an upright standing or hanging metal bowl or box. It always has sides but does not always have a roof or a grill. It is predominately used for heating purposes.

Last updated: 1 December 2021