Brisbane's urban forest
Brisbane’s urban forest includes all trees and other vegetation, on public and private land, that grows in the wider Brisbane region. The trees that make up Brisbane's urban forest create much of our subtropical landscape character and biodiversity.
Brisbane City Council has achieved the goal to plant two million trees by 2012. Future goals to enhance and sustain our urban forest are to:
- achieve 40% natural habitat cover by 2031
- increase tree shade cover to the city's bikeways and footpaths
- transform major entry roads to the city into subtropical boulevards
Brisbane’s urban forest facts
Our subtropical climate and history of development has delivered a mixture of native and exotic species from forest giants to colourful shrubs and ground covers. Other facts about Brisbane's urban forest:
- Brisbane's tree canopy cover is greater than 50% across the 1338 square kilometre Brisbane local government area.
- Citywide, 55% of Brisbane’s tree canopy cover is on public land.
- Across the residential suburbs, 39% of tree canopy cover is growing in public parks.
- Brisbane’s urban forest stores an estimated 1.9 million tonnes of carbon.
- Brisbane’s urban forest removes about 1.45 million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year (equalling 10% of our city’s emissions).
- Our tree canopy cover makes leafy parts of Brisbane more than five degrees cooler than treeless areas.
- Brisbane’s 2500 flora species support more than 550 vertebrate fauna and many invertebrate species.
Benefits of trees and our urban forest
Urban trees provide benefits that are important to our city’s liveability and our subtropical landscape character. Our urban forest:
- provides shade and cooling, which encourages a healthy outdoor lifestyle and helps to reduce energy consumption (by buffering the urban heat island effect)
- provides the natural structure of Brisbane's subtropical character and scenic amenity
- produces oxygen and consume carbon dioxide, trapping carbon and helping to reduce greenhouse gases
- supports habitat for local wildlife and migratory birds
- helps to reduce dust, pollution, wind speeds and the effects of UV radiation
- helps to manage stormwater run-off and soil erosion
- provides strong links to nature, our natural and cultural history and a sense of local identity
- contributes to individual property values, tourism and the vitality of business centres.
Council actively manages the trees that grow on our own lands, including street trees and park trees, in partnership with the community. Each year our tree management activities include:
- caring for newly planted trees to help them grow to be strong, healthy and fit for purpose
- inspecting and trimming programs to minimise the risks of trees to people and property
- removing and replacing trees to sustain our urban forest for everyone to enjoy in the future
- being prepared for storm season
- protecting and celebrating our most significant street and park trees.
Caring for trees
Everyone can contribute to Brisbane’s environment by planting and caring for Brisbane's trees.
- street trees
- tree and powerline safety
- Habitat Brisbane program
- preparing for storm season
- Green Gardening guide - tree care
Be aware of what you have growing in your garden or on your footpath and what is permitted.
Growing and enjoying the urban forest
Find out about other events and activities happening around Brisbane to help grow our urban forest.
- 2 Million Trees project
- Free Plants program
- walking trails
- reserves and parklands
- city centre tree trail
- guided walks in the Botanic Gardens