Native plant species for residents

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Brisbane City Council offers a variety of plants through the Free Native Plant Program, suitable for all garden types and sizes.

Descriptions, growing conditions and fauna attracting information has been provided to assist you in choosing the plants most suitable for your garden.

Every plant adds to our city's urban forest, supporting our unique wildlife and making Brisbane cleaner, greener and more sustainable for us all.

Note: information contained on this web page is intended to be used as a guide only. 

Groundcovers and ferns

Species Description and growing requirements Fauna benefits

Creeping Boobialla

Myoporum parvifolium

Hardy prostrate groundcover to 1 metre. Purple and white flowers are borne during the summer months. This is an excellent spreading groundcover for a sunny well-drained position or is suitable in pots or containers

Birds, lizards

Cut Leaf Daisy

Brachyscome multifida

Hardy eye-catching ground cover to 150 millimetres with purple daisy flowers throughout the year. Best grown in full sun. Especially effective in rockeries, mass plantings, pots, hanging baskets and borders

Bees, lizards

Fan Flower

Scaevola aemula

Spreading groundcover to 600 millimetres with dark green foliage and small mauve-pink flowers in spring and summer. Prefers well-drained soils. Great for hanging baskets

Bees, lizards

Native Violet

Viola hederacea

Attractive dense groundcover to 150 millimetres suitable to damp shady areas. Small round light green leaves with violet flowers throughout the year. Ideal for rockeries, mass plantings, pots and hanging baskets

Lizards, frogs

Tufting plants and grasses

Species Description and growing requirements Fauna benefits

Blue Flax

Dianella caerulea

Hardy plant with long strappy leaves to 450 millimetres. Blue flowers on branched spikes appear in spring. Bright blue berries occur after flowering. Prefers sunny position in well-drained soil

Birds, lizards

Common Rush

Juncus usitatus

Very hardy vigorous upright clumping grass to 1 metre that grows well in moist soils. Pale brown flowers are produced in spring. Great for stabilising banks and for decorative ponds. Grow in full sun

Frogs, lizards

Knobby Club Rush

Fincinia nodosa

Tough fast growing spreading tufting grass with upright dark green foliage up to 500 millimetres. Grow in a full sun position. Brownish flower heads are produced on spikes throughout the year. Great plant for water features, ponds and effective in mass planting or in containers

Birds, frogs, lizards

Mat Rush

Lomandra sp.

Deep green glossy narrow strap leaves to 700 millimetres. Small yellow-cream flowers in spring and summer. Grow in full sun to part shade position

Lizards, frogs

Sedge

Carex appressa

Tall sedge growing to 800 millimetres. Attractive large yellow seed heads in spring. Likes wet areas in full sun or partial shade. Ideal plant for around pool area in pots or mass plantings

Frogs, lizards

Climbers

Species Description and growing requirements Fauna benefits

Bower Vine

Pandorea jasminoides

A hardy, vigorous, evergreen twining plant over 4 metres+ with spectacular floral display. Flowers are pale pink with a deep pink throat and appear from spring through to late summer. Thrives in a full sun to partial shade position with good drainage. Best grown as a screen on a fence or trellis. Also great in large pots

Butterflies, bees, insects

Guinea Vine

Hibbertia scandens

A vigorous twiner with glossy dark green leaves and large golden yellow flowers over spring and summer. Grows to 1.5 metres and makes an excellent screening plant on walls or fences. Prefers well drained soil. Grow in full sun to partial shade in an open position. Suitable for tubs and containers

Birds

Sarsaparilla Vine

Hardenbergia violacea

A hardy, fast growing, evergreen small climber which has dark green leathery leaves and produces a mass of dark purple pea flowers in winter and spring. Grows to 1.5 metres square. Prefers a sunny position in well-drained soil. Great as a groundcover or can be planted to cover fences, trellises and pergolas. Suitable for container planting

Butterflies

Small shrubs - 0.5 metres to 2 metres

Species Description and growing requirements Fauna benefits

Bottlebrush

Callistemon sp.

Fast growing, hardy woody shrub up to 2 metres that produces beautiful blooms in a variety of single colours in spring and summer and sometimes again in autumn. Plant in a moist, well-drained sunny position. Regularly prune to encourage bushier growth and increased flower production. great for containers, edging, rockeries, hedges and borders. Grows up to 2 metres

Birds, insects

Coastal Rosemary

Westringia sp.

Hardy small fast growing evergreen shrub 1 metre square. Long flowering and suitable as a hedge or screening plant or for low maintenance gardens, exposed sites and coastal gardens

Birds, butterflies, insects

Grevillea

Grevillea sp.

Showy evergreen plants to 2 metres with nectar-rich flowers. They produce a 'spider flower' in a variety of single colours throughout the year. Grevillea's do best in a sunny position with light, gritty, free-draining soil

Birds, bees, butterflies

Hairpin Banksia

Banksia spinulosa

Hardy evergreen shrub to 2 metres that features attractive foliage with bold flowering spikes in a variety of single colours. Flowers appear autumn through to spring. Plant in an open sunny position in well-drained soil. To encourage flower production and thicker foliage, cut flowering spikes and use in a floral display

Birds

Honey Myrtle

Melaleuca linariifolia
'Claret Tops'

A dense and compact shrub to 1.5 metres with attractive claret coloured new growth and white flowers in summer. A great foliage plant for shrubberies or in a pot

Birds, insects

Little Penda

Xanthostemon verticillatus

Hardy shrub up to 2m with glossy dark green leaves with profuse clusters of pale lemon flowers throughout the year. Grows well in moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Prune after flowering to promote bushy growth.  Suitable for tubs and containers.  Birds, bees and insects

Tea Tree

Leptospermum sp.

Attractive small shrub with a weeping habit, ranging in size from 80cm up to 2 metres. Showy pink or white flowers in spring and autumn. Prefers moist well-drained soil in full sun or light shade. A useful feature plant for rockeries or over retaining walls

Insects, bees

Thyme Honey Myrtle

Melaleuca thymifolia

Small hardy shrub to 1 metre square. Mauve claw type flowers occur in clusters and are borne during summer. Grows best in full sun with good drainage. Suitable for large pots or containers

Insects

Medium shrubs - 3 metres to 5 metres

Species Description and growing requirements Fauna benefits

Bottlebrush

Callistemon sp.

Hardy woody shrub up to 5 metres that produces beautiful blooms in a variety of single colours in spring and summer and sometimes again in autumn. Plant in a moist, well-drained sunny position. Regularly prune to encourage bushier growth and increased flower production. Bottlebrushes make excellent screening plants and are quick growers

Birds, insects

Lemon-Scented Tea Tree

Leptospermum petersonii

A bushy rounded shrub with strongly lemon-scented fine leaves. Grows to 3 metres. White flowers cover the shrub in spring. Prefers well drained soil in a sunny position. Ideal as a screen, hedge or windbreak

Insects, bees

Lillypilly

Syzgium sp.

Hardy evergreen plants to 5 metres with glossy green leaves with fluffy pom-pom white flowers in spring and summer followed by red berries. Prefers sunny position with well-drained soil. Lillypillies make excellent screens, windbreaks and hedges and can be pruned to size and shape. Grows up to 5 metres

Birds, bees, flying foxes

Native Lasiandra

Melastoma affine

Hardy, fast growing bushy shrub to 2 metres. Showy large pink/purple flower in summer. Prefers sunny to partial shade position. Suitable as a hedge or container plant

Lizards, butterflies

Purple Pea Bush

Hovea acutifolia

A small to medium fast growing shrub which is stunning in flower. Grows 4 metres with masses of purple pea flowers from July to September. Best planted in a lightly shaded position in well-drained soil. Suitable as a windbreak, hedge or in a large pot or tub

Birds, bees

Twiggy Heath Myrtle

Baekea virgata

Very hardy bushy erect shrub to 3.5 metres. Profuse white flowers occur in clusters in spring and summer. Prefers a lightly shaded position in well-drained soil. Great for hedges or tubs

Birds

Shade and feature trees over 5 metres

Species Description and growing requirements Fauna benefits

Blueberry Ash

Elaeocarpus reticulatus

Small dense tree growing to 8 metres. Masses of white or pink, small fringed, bell-shaped flowers are produced in summer. The flowers are followed by small blue fruits. Most soils are suitable. Will grow in full sun to partial shade

Birds

Brisbane Wattle

Acacia fimbriata

A fast growing bushy small tree growing to 6 metres square. Dense yellow perfumed ball-shaped flowers appear in late winter and spring. Good hedge or screening plant and can be pruned to shape. Plant in full sun to a partial shade position. Hardy in most situations

Birds, butterflies, bees

Golden Penda

Xanthostemon chrysanthus

An attractive specimen tree up to 8 metres. Showy, dense cluster of golden yellow flowers appear from summer to winter. Plant in full sun to part shade in well-drained soil. Suitable as a hedge, windbreak, screen or as a feature tree

Birds

Ivory Curl Tree

Buckinghamia cellisima
(seasonal)

Fast growing evergreen tree to 8 metres. Striking long creamy fragranced flowers from spring until autumn. Prefers moist, well-drained soil in full sun to semi shade

Birds, bees

Lillypilly

Syzgium sp.

Hardy evergreen plants with glossy green leaves with fluffy pom-pom white flowers in spring and summer followed by red berries. Prefers sunny position with well-drained soil. Lillypillies make excellent screens, windbreaks and hedges and can be pruned to size and shape

Birds, bees, flying foxes

Tuckeroo

Cupaniopsis anacardioides
(seasonal)

Attractive evergreen shade tree with rounded canopy. Grows to 8 metres. Orange fruits produced in winter. Most soils are suitable. Plant in a full sun to partial shade position

Birds, butterflies

Tulipwood

Harpulia pendula
(seasonal)

A hardy, fast growing evergreen tree up to 10 metres with attractive, pale green foliage. Large sprays of greenish-yellow, slightly fragrant flowers appear in summer followed by orange fruit. Requires open sunny position in light to medium soil type. Excellent shade tree

Birds, butterflies

Weeping Lillypilly

Waterhousia floribunda

Hardy evergreen tree to 8 metres square. Clusters of white flowers appear from spring to summer, followed by green round fruits. Plant in a sunny open position in well-drained soil. Regular trimming will produce colourful new growth and keep the plant bushy. Can be trimmed to shape and size as desired. Can be trimmed to shape and size as desired. Ideal as a dense screen, windbreak or stunning as a large container plant

Birds, bees

 

17 November 2017
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