If you want to operate a catering business you will need a food business licence from Brisbane City Council. A food business is defined as catering when you prepare and serve the food to the customer either onsite or at an off-site venue. Simply delivering food to customers is not considered catering as it does not involve serving.
If you are planning to sublease an existing licensed kitchen for catering, you still need to apply and hold a separate food business licence for your business.
Onsite catering refers to preparing and serving food that has the potential to be hazardous to consumers at the premises where the food business is carried out. Usually the food is:
- of an agreed type
- for a set number of persons
- served at a prearranged time
- for a predetermined cost.
Examples of onsite catering include a:
- wedding reception centre that operates for wedding receptions only and is not open as a restaurant during the week
- hotel which operates a restaurant where customers can order off the menu, but also has a function room where the hotel caters for events and functions.
Onsite catering usually requires a food safety program to be developed and accredited by Council. An exemption for the requirement to hold a food safety program exists where onsite catering is not the primary activity of the business. You are not required to submit a food safety program for accreditation where onsite catering is the secondary activity and you provide onsite catering:
- on not more than 11 occasions in any 12 month period, and
- for fewer than 200 persons on each occasion.
Onsite catering does not include:
- preparing and serving food at a restaurant, cafe or similar food business that involves the preparation and service of food for customers that order and eat it straight away
- preparing and displaying the food for self-service, for example preparing food for consumption from a buffet at a restaurant.
Offsite catering refers to a business serving food that has the potential to be hazardous, at a place other than the principal place of operation for the food business. If the caterer is an offsite caterer, they would need to be licensed with the local council at the principal place of business.
For example, a spit roast caterer stores their equipment and conducts food preparation from a food business in Logan City Council area prior to a function. The caterer then conducts a catering function in the Brisbane City Council area, where all they do is heat and serve the food. As the principal place of business is located in Logan City Council's area, the food business would need to be licensed with Logan City Council.
Offsite catering does not include:
- delivering food under an arrangement with, or on the order of, a consumer, for example, delivering pizzas from a takeaway pizza shop or delivering platters of food for a morning tea
- the sale of food from mobile premises or temporary premises, e.g. the sale of ice cream from a mobile ice cream van.
If you are transporting food you must advise Council of all the food transport vehicles involved in the catering operation.
All offsite caterers require a food safety program to be accredited by the local government area that approves their food business licence.
As a general guide for new catering premises, the following fees may apply for the 2019-20 financial year.
Small business fee reduction
If you run a small business, you may be eligible for a small business fee reduction.
|Size of premises||
50% small business fee reduction for new applications
10% for renewals
|Food safety program
50% small business fee reduction for new applications
10% for amendments
|Less than 250 square metres||$390.35||$789.55||$671.65|
|250 square metres to 1000 square metres||$638.50||$1078.45||$768.65|
|More than 1000 square metres||$846.90||$3370.00||$1188.75|
These fees do not attract GST.
How to apply
There are a number of steps to the application process. You can complete them all online using the Application for food business approvals online form.
The Food business licence roadmap (PDF - 61kb) consists of two stages.
Step 1: Design assessment
Application for design assessment
This is the application where the principal place of business will be, e.g. a commercial kitchen where storage and food preparation will occur.
Firstly, lodge your application. It takes approximately 20 working days to assess.
- visit the Queensland Health website to read the Food business design and fit-out guide for food businesses
- visit the Local Government toolbox website to find out how to start a food business
- have your design plans ready
- lodge a design assessment using Application for food business approvals online form.
If the principal place of business already has a current food business licence with Council, this design assessment application may not be required.
You can phone Council on 133 BNE (133 263) to confirm if the premises have design assessment which has already been approved and is current.
Step 2: Food business licence assessment
Application for food business licence
Once the design assessment is approved and fit-out has started, an application for a food business licence must be submitted no more than 30 days before the desired start date of operation.
You can lodge the food business licence using the Application for food business approvals online form.
Before you can start operating, an Council Environmental Health Officer will conduct a final site inspection.
The food business licence will be issued when the completed fit-out has been approved.
Food safety program accreditation
If a food safety program is required for your catering business, it should be submitted for Council accreditation at the same time as the food business licence application.
Use the Application for food business approvals online form to apply for the food safety program accreditation at the same time as you lodge your food business licence application.
Find out more about food safety programs.
Food safety supervisor notification application
All licensable food businesses in Queensland must have a food safety supervisor. You can nominate this person when you make you licence application using the Application for food business approvals online form or submit a hard copy form.
Alternatively, you can nominate a food safety supervisor by phoning Council's Business Hotline on 133 BNE (133 263) within 30 days of the licence issue date.
Find out more about food safety supervisors.
Preparing for Council inspection
Before you start trading, a Council Environmental Health Officer will conduct a final inspection of the food premises to ensure it is constructed in accordance with the approved design plans. To arrange your final inspection, contact Council approximately one week before construction is due to finish to schedule a suitable date and time.
Prior to the food business licence being issued, Council will conduct a full Eat Safe audit of the premises.
The Local Government Toolbox provides helpful tools and resources.
Council has developed a food business checklist (Word - 110kb) to assist in considering approvals that may be required to start and operate a food business in a fixed location.
For further information, phone Council's Business Hotline on 133 BNE (133 263), 24 hours a day, seven days a week.